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Marcel Lajos Breuer
(1902 – 1981)


Born in Pécs, a city in south western Hungary, in 1902, Breuer went to high school there and won a scholarship to study art at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts in 1920. Frustrated by the course, Breuer dropped out and worked in a Viennese architect's office until a friend suggested that he apply to the Bauhaus, a recently founded art and design school in Weimar, Germany.

 

Although firmly established as one of the most prolific members of the Bauhaus and a protégé of its director Walter Gropius, Breuer had little patience with the intellectual debates that ignited the rest of the school preferring to design "without having to philosophise before every move". In 1924, Breuer left the Bauhaus for Paris where he made ends meet by working for an architect. Paris was another disappointment and when Gropius invited him to run the furniture workshop at the new Bauhaus in Weimar, Breuer said "yes".

 

Back at the Bauhaus, one of his first projects was the 1926 steel club armchair (later renamed the Wassily, after the Bauhaus teacher Wassily Kandinsky) made from extruded nickel-plated tubular steel. Unusually light and easy to assemble from ready-made steel tubes, the chair was the result of Breuer's years of experiments with bending steel and was immediately hailed as an important breakthrough in furniture design. "I thought that this out of all my work would earn me the most criticism," he noted, "but the opposite of what I expected came true."

 

All items are Macel Breuer inspired designs.



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